ISLAMABAD(KARACHI), 27 July: An eight-year-old finally was finally served justice after a Karachi sessions court recently awarded a 14-year sentence to her father for raping her a couple of years ago.
Eight children get sexually abused every day in Pakistan, while the conviction rate in such cases is less than 3%, according to Cruel Numbers 2020.
Of all these, reportage of incest is a rare sight and a painful process, especially for the victims.
Let’s take a stride through the trial of this case to understand it.
On Thursday, March 7, 2019, Zakiya, a young maid, was at work. Her three children returned home from their day school in the evening. Their father, Shahid, welcomed them and sent his two younger sons to play outside, locked the door and raped his daughter, Gulshan.
When his wife returned, she found the girl hiding and crying in the bathroom. She told her mother of pain in her legs. When Zakiya inquired further, the victim(justice) narrated her ordeal.
The mother fought with her husband who kept denying the accusation as the children watched and cried. Zakiya then took Gulshan to Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC) for treatment.
The doctors found that the girl was subjected to vaginal and anal intercourse, after which the matter was referred to police. It took a week for the police to register an FIR against Shahid on the complaint of his wife.
A probe was launched as the investigation officer quizzed the accused and the complainant, collected swabs for DNA, and chemical analyses as well as seized the clothes of the victim.
Concluding their investigation, the police charged-sheeted the husband for rape and unnatural offence. When the suspect was indicted, he pleaded not guilty, saying that he was falsely implicated in the case by his wife because he had caught her cheating on him with another man in their house.
Shahid told the court that when he confronted his wife, she used the false allegation of incest against him to cover her infidelity. The trial began then.
Asiya Munir has been a lawyer for the past 18 years, currently working with NGO War Against Rape (WAR). She represented Zakiya and Gulshan in the case.
In an interview with private news channel, she said: “First of all, nobody in our society tends to believe incest cases, not even the judges. They think that these all are made-up stories. In this hostile and harassing environment, proving your case becomes a tremendously difficult job.”
The worst part of it, she added, was standing to the leering looks and shameful questions during the arguments in the courtroom.
“I have seen these mother and daughter sitting together like glued in a corner of the courtroom getting humiliated by staffers and taunted by the defence lawyers,” Asiya said, explaining that this was the reason she requested for an in-camera hearing to record the statement of the victim.
The examination-in-chief of the victim took place inside the chamber of the judge. Except for the victim, judge(justice), and complainant’s and defence lawyers, no one was present in the room.
After the victim narrated the crime, the defence lawyer was allowed to cross-examine her. “You [the victim] are lying because your mother has told you to,” the lawyer representing her father asked her. She responded, “My mother has not taught me to lie.”
“Your mother has an affair with someone,” the lawyer threw another question. Her attorney objected to it but the victim said, “No, my mother cleans the washrooms of others for us. She is not lying nor am I.”
The defence lawyer put these questions and arguments before the judge: In the case of rape, why is there no violence mark or injury found on the victim? Why was the FIR lodged a week late? Why were the clothes of the victim handed to the police 19 days after the incident? Why didn’t the complainant get a letter from the concerned police station before going to the JPMC? The complainant is having an extramarital affair and the person should also be summoned by the court! The order
In the judgment issued on July 17, the East additional district and sessions judge, Javed Ahmed Phulpoto, observed that as far as the allegation of the affair was concerned, the accused had not been able to produce even his own relatives to second his stance. The judge termed this allegation an attempt by the accused “to malign the complainant and gain sympathy from society to get away from his crime.”
The judge remarked that the absence of torture marks was not enough proof to suggest that the crime did not take place and referred to the Supreme Court’s judgement in Ghulam Sarwar versus The State PLD 1984 SC 218. He added that “solitary testimony was enough for conviction if it transpired conviction” as held in Nasreen versus Fayyaz Khan and another PLD 1991 SC 412.
“The statement of the victim is straightforward and [she] narrated the entire incident in a very innocent and natural manner and the defence failed to establish that there was any exaggeration in her statement,” the judge observed, adding that the victim’s, the complainant’s and the investigators’ testimonies were unshakeable and so was the medical evidence which proved the offence on the accused.
In the first half of 2021, rape cases have surged up to 38% across Sindh, according to data shared by WAR Programme Officer Sheraz Ahmed. His NGO supported Gulshan and her mother to win their case.
He said that since June 2021, the Sindh police had registered 193 cases of rape and 45 of gang rape but these figures were only the tip of the iceberg as the actual figures were much higher than the reported ones.
“Underreporting of cases can be attributed to various social issues, such as lack of awareness amongst survivors/victims about their rights or actual procedure, stigma, fear and lack of trust including biased, judgmental and discouraging attitudes in the relevant authorities of the criminal justice system or [it] might be that the reliable data is missing,” a statement from the NGO read.
Asiya believes that the road to justice in rape cases is even painful. “If you’re a victim and justice go to report your case. The duty officer, mainly men, will get under your skin by asking absurd questions not because they are looking for the truth but they generally don’t believe you as a woman and this is a patriarchal society with gender biases,” she remarked, adding that the next steps were more humiliating for the victims.
“There are only three places in Karachi — JPMC, Dr Ruth Pfau Civil Hospital and Abbasi Shaheed Hospital — where you can go for medico-legal examination and female doctors are hardly any and sometimes they are not available in the night shifts,” the lawyer said, adding that in some of these places, “they still do ascertain the occurrence of rape by the one finger or two fingers [method].”
WAR has recommended the state to address the frontline stakeholders such as police, prosecutors and judges, medico-legal officers, media, academics and community members who need to be sensitised and re-sensitised through refresh courses to identify, protect and effectively respond to ensure the safety of the vulnerable segments of society.
WAR also calls for the relevant authorities to carry out fast trials to ensure speedy justice so that the cases of sexual violence must be decided at least within six months to a year.