2024 could be the Hottest Year Ever

 2024 could be the Hottest Year Ever

Last month was the hottest June on record. The EU’s climate monitoring service confirmed this on Monday. This continues a streak of exceptional temperatures. Scientists say 2024 is likely to be the hottest year ever recorded.

Since June 2023, each month has been the hottest compared to the same month in previous years. The European Union’s Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) reported this in their monthly bulletin.

Human-caused climate change and the El Nino phenomenon have pushed temperatures to record highs. Zeke Hausfather, a research scientist at Berkeley Earth, estimates a 95% chance that 2024 will surpass 2023 as the warmest year since records began.

The changing climate has led to severe consequences worldwide. Over 1,000 people died from extreme heat during the haj pilgrimage last month. New Delhi recorded heat deaths during an unprecedentedly long heatwave. Greek tourists also suffered from intense heat.

Friederike Otto, a climate scientist at Imperial College London, believes there is a “high chance” 2024 will be the hottest year on record. She emphasized that while El Nino is natural, human actions can reduce climate change by cutting fossil fuel use.

El Nino warms the eastern Pacific Ocean’s surface waters, raising global temperatures. Its effects have recently subsided, but cooler La Nina conditions are expected later this year.

Greenhouse gas emissions from burning fossil fuels are the main cause of climate change. Despite promises, countries have failed to reduce these emissions. This has caused a steady increase in temperatures for decades.

C3S reported that the world’s average temperature over the past 12 months was the highest on record. It was 1.64 degrees Celsius above the 1850-1900 pre-industrial average.

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